By Melanie Manion
This e-book contrasts reviews of mainland China and Hong Kong to discover the urgent query of the way governments can remodel a tradition of common corruption to at least one of unpolluted executive. Melanie Manion examines Hong Kong because the most sensible instance of the potential of reform. inside of many years it accomplished a spectacularly profitable conversion to wash executive. Mainland China illustrates the trouble of reform. regardless of greater than 20 years of anticorruption reform, corruption in China keeps to unfold primarily unabated. The e-book argues that the place corruption is already usual, the context within which officers and traditional electorate make offerings to transact corruptly (or no longer) is crucially diverse from that during which corrupt practices are unusual. A valuable characteristic of this distinction is the position of ideals in regards to the incidence of corruption and the reliability of presidency as an enforcer of principles ostensibly constraining legit venality. Anticorruption reform in a surroundings of frequent corruption is an issue not just of decreasing corrupt payoffs, but in addition of adjusting generally shared expectancies of venality. The publication explores modifications in institutional layout offerings approximately anticorruption companies, applicable incentive constructions, and underlying constitutional designs that give a contribution to the disparate results in Hong Kong and mainland China.
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Extra resources for Corruption by Design: Building Clean Government in Mainland China and Hong Kong
It granted Godber a week to make representations. On the same day, ACO officers searched Godber’s residence, where they discovered and seized evidence of financial resources exceeding HK $4 million (about US $780,000). Godber was not put under surveillance, but immigration staff at the airport were instructed to stop and detain him if he attempted to leave Hong Kong. Godber left Hong Kong by air on 8 June, probably without passing through Immigration Control. He was in London, his wealth intact, the next day—safe from extradition for an offense that did not exist in British law.
The embargo on strategic goods to mainland China during the Korean War of the 1950s also created lucrative opportunities for entrepreneurs in the private sector and customs officials in Hong Kong to connect with mainland Chinese officials in “a great increase in smuggling . . and the bribery of revenue officials” (Grantham 1965: 121). ” So concluded Justice Alastair Blair-Kerr, surveying the island’s situation in 1973 for the governor (1973b: 23). Yet, with few exceptions, leading officials, including the governor, trivialized the problem.
Anticorruption success was accomplished through the efforts of the Independent Commission Against Corruption. The ICAC was created in 1974 as the governor’s response to public outrage provoked by a high-level corruption scandal in the police force, the department responsible for anticorruption enforcement but widely perceived as the most corrupt of all government departments. The ICAC implemented a three-pronged anticorrruption strategy. Enforcement was facilitated by extraordinary financial resources 24 • Anticorruption Reform in a Setting of Widespread Corruption and draconian powers of investigation.