Constructing 21st Century U.S. Foreign Policy: Identity, by K. Schonberg

By K. Schonberg

Within the years because the 9-11 assaults, socially built understandings of the id of the USA and its associates and enemies on the planet have performed a severe position in picking out the process U.S. international policy.  developing Twenty-First Century U.S. overseas coverage argues that American overseas kin less than the Bush management have been pushed through an ideological time table derived from a specific interpretation of long-standing principles approximately nationwide identity.  Drawing on constructivist and social-psychological IR idea, it means that those rules led on to the administration’s option to invade Iraq, its false impression the type of warfare the USA might face there, and its failure to fast identify a sturdy democratic govt following the invasion.

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Additional info for Constructing 21st Century U.S. Foreign Policy: Identity, Ideology, and America's World Role in a New Era

Sample text

National ideology both shapes and is shaped by history, constantly creating new stories to comprise the every-changing national mythology, but also giving credence to one or another interpretation of national ideals. 28 C o n s t r u c t i n g 2 1 s t C e n t u r y U . S . 41 Theorists have long argued that the international state of anarchy is moderated by the fact that state interactions occur in an endless series of iterations; states know how their neighbors have behaved toward them yesterday and 100 years ago, and they know they will necessarily have to contend with one another tomorrow.

So the United States’ desire to buy oil and Saudi Arabia’s interest in selling it can be explained within the framework of identity by noting that “vital trading partner” can in fact be an important element of intersubjective identity. What focusing on identity also allows, however, is the differentiation of relationships between states on the basis of the differing aspects of identity that separate or bind them together. Canada is also a significant exporter of oil, and part of the intersubjective identity set between the United States and Canada is also “vital trading partner” as it is between the United States and Saudi Arabia.

America” 24 C o n s t r u c t i n g 2 1 s t C e n t u r y U . S . F o r e i g n P o l i c y had a clear and specific meaning for the Bush administration, but the administration also represented political opponents within the United States as having a particular identity that tended to parallel those of international Others who opposed the administration’s policies but were not overt enemies of the United States. Domestic opponents of the war in Iraq, for example, tended to be represented as naïve, soft, and irresolute, just as some states and international organizations were portrayed not as hostile but as weak willed, irresponsible, and prone to inadvertently helping the enemy due to their unwillingness to act against it.

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