By John H. Connolly
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Extra resources for Constituent Order in Functional Grammar: Synchronic and Diachronic Perspectives
In VI languages, such as Welsh, PI is usually unfilled, so that the (finite) verb is placed first. In V2 languages PI is normally filled, so that the (finite) verb tends to be placed second; Dik claims that Old High German constitutes an example of such a language. If the tendency for the (finite) verb to occupy second place is very pronounced, as in German, then the language is of the strong V2 type. V3 languages, however, have a functional pattern for clauses-proper which begins: (83) P l S V ( f ) .
In this section we shall first outline the linearisation mechanism used in FG and then compare it with the ordering techniques incorporated into other approaches. As far as FG is concerned, we shall describe the ordering procedure as advanced by Dik (1978a, 1980b, 1983b, 1989b). Improvements to this mechanism will be proposed in Chapter 3 below. 1 The Functional Grammar approach The generation of the sentences in FG is essentially a two-part process. The first part of the process involves the construction of abstract logico-grammatical structures known as predications.
Adjectives or articles) which take the same class of 'argument expressions' (in this instance nouns) tend to be placed on the same side of the latter expressions. The second principle states that functional expressions such as adpositions, which take as arguments determined noun phrases,35 and functional expressions such as adjectives, which take undetermined noun phrases, tend to be placed on the opposite side of their argument expressions. According to the third principle, the subject precedes the other major constituents.