By Thomas Aquinas, Richard C. Taylor
The ebook of Causes, hugely influential within the medieval college, used to be mostly yet incorrectly understood to be the of completion of Aristotle's metaphysics. It was once Thomas Aquinas who first judged it to were abstracted from Proclus's Elements of Theology, possibly by means of an unknown Arabic writer, who further to it principles of his own.
The ebook of Causes is of specific curiosity simply because topics that seem in it are echoed within the metaphysics of Aquinas: its remedy of being (esse) as continuing from the 1st growing reason; the triadic scheme of being, dwelling, and understanding; and the final scheme of participation within which "all is in all." hence, the Book of Causes presents a ancient backdrop for figuring out and appreciating Aquinas's improvement of those subject matters in his metaphysics.
Thomas's Commentary at the publication of Causes, composed through the first 1/2 1272, is a different philosophical paintings in its personal correct. It presents a longer view of his method of Neoplatonic concept and capabilities as a advisor to his metaphysics. notwithstanding lengthy overlooked and, formerly, by no means translated into English, it merits an equivalent position along his commentaries on Aristotle and Boethius.
In addition to the large annotation, bibliography, and thorough advent, this translation is observed by means of worthwhile appendices. the 1st offers a translation of one other model of proposition 29 of the Book of Causes, which used to be no longer recognized to St. Thomas. the second one lists citations of the Book of Causes present in the works of St. Thomas and cross-references those to an inventory exhibiting the works, and the precise place inside them, the place the citations could be found.
ABOUT THE TRANSLATORS:
The overdue Vincent A. Guagliardo, O.P., used to be professor of philosophy on the Dominican tuition of Philosophy and Theology in Berkeley, California. Charles R. Hess, O.P., is an accessory lecturer in ecclesiastical Latin on the Dominican institution. Richard C. Taylor is affiliate professor of philosophy at Marquette collage. His sector of forte is old and medieval philosophy.
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Additional resources for Commentary on the Book of Causes (Thomas Aquinas in Translation)
Enough to make one's journey through the Liber slow and painstaking" (p. 115). Page xv Outwardly the author proceeds in the highly formulaic style of Proclus's Elements, introducing a proposition and then following it with appropriate comments and corollaries. The procedure is "mathematized" in the style of Euclid's geometry, a priori in fashion, proceeding deductively, downward from the higher to the lower, from cause to effect, from the general to the particular. The order of these propositionsthirty-one in all23gives the impression of a "logically" flowing cosmos descending necessarily from an ideal pattern.
St. Thomas adapts this in the exitus/reditus schema of his systematic works: God in Himself, the procession of creatures from God, the return of creatures to God as their end. , D. , Prologue), the Summa contra Gentiles (Book I, Ch. 9, n. 4 & Book IV, Ch. 1, nn. 12) and the Summa Theologiae (I, Q. 2). St. Thomas's commentary on the Divine Names of Pseudo-Dionysius is presumed to have been written before he had read Moerbeke's translation of Proclus's Elements (see Weisheipl, Friar Thomas d'Aquino, p.
The airtightness of such a procedure might seem questionable to a contemporary mind, and indeed, for reasons not always clear, the method itself seems to break down in the hands of the author as the work unfolds. But the author, while externally conforming to this ''Euclidean style," seems in truth not wholly concerned about adhering strictly to this method, violating it at times, as St. Thomas observes,24 without apology for any inconsistency. One might be inclined to take this as an "internal weakness" of the work, but that would be to judge it by criteria to which it seems interested in conforming only loosely.