By Andrew Kehler
A common language discourse is greater than an arbitrary series of utterances; a discourse indicates coherence. regardless of its centrality to discourse interpretation, coherence not often performs a job in theories of linguistic phenomena that follow throughout utterances. during this booklet, Andrew Kehler offers an research of coherence relationships among utterances that's rooted in 3 different types of 'connection between principles' first articulated through the thinker David Hume—Resemblance, reason or influence, and Contiguity. Kehler then exhibits how those relationships have an effect on the distribution of numerous linguistic phenomena, together with verb word ellipsis, gapping, extraction from coordinate buildings, annoying, and pronominal reference. In every one of those parts, Kehler demonstrates how the restrictions imposed through linguistic shape have interaction with these imposed via the method of building coherence to give an explanation for information that has eluded past analyses. his ebook can be of curiosity to researchers from the extensive spectrum of disciplines from which discourse is studied, in addition to these operating in syntax, semantics, computational linguistics, psycholinguistics, and philosophy of language.
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Extra resources for Coherence, Reference, and the Theory of Grammar
Upon closer inspection, however, there is a difference between examples (54-55) on the one hand and examples (57-59) on the other. ) Examples (54-55) are examples of the Resemblance relation Parallel, as indicated by the use of and... too. On the other hand, examples (57-59) are instances of Cause-Effect relations; in particular, Result, Violated Expectation, and Denial of Preventer, respectively. This pattern offers a preliminary suggestion that coherence establishment may play a role in accounting for these data.
First, the resolution of the anaphoric form occurs just as it did for example (73), resulting again in the representations in Figure 7. At this stage, there is no reconstruction of elided material. The representations in Figures 5 and 7 then serve as input to the coherence establishment procedure. In this case the Resemblance relation Parallel holds; the definition of which is repeated from Chapter 2 below. ) from the assertion of 8 2 , where for some property vector q, qi(ai) and qi(bi ) for all i.
Thus, in accordance with syntactic approaches, it is reasonable to analyze the syntax ofVP-ellipsis as consisting of an auxiliary that commands an empty verb phrase constituent. In accordance with semantic approaches, however, the evidence also indicates that VP-ellipsis is anaphoric. This can be seen from the manner in which it patterns with other types of anaphora, such as pronouns. For instance, as described by Lakoff (1968) and Jackendoff (1972), VPellipsis and pronouns may be cataphoric in similar circumstances; consider sentences (69a-d).