Causation: A Realist Approach by Michael Tooley

By Michael Tooley

Tooley right here units out and defends realist money owed of conventional empiricist factors of causation and legislation of nature, arguing that considering reductionist bills of causation are uncovered to decisive objections, empiricists needs to holiday with that culture.

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However, in the following I will ignore these qualifications of schema (T), and focus on the initial simple version of (T) only. The important thing for our purposes is that the schema specifies a precise sense in which epistemic reasons for some belief are related to the value of having that belief. If reasons for forming beliefs about propositions are value-driven, then epistemic reasons are value-driven too, in the sense that they entail that one ought to believe particular propositions in the context of a value-driven reason only.

T – pro tanto) Necessarily, if S has epistemic reason to believe that p (to degree D), then [if S has a pro tanto reason to form a belief about p, then, in the absence of opposing reasons, S ought to believe that p (to degree D)]. However, in the following I will ignore these qualifications of schema (T), and focus on the initial simple version of (T) only. The important thing for our purposes is that the schema specifies a precise sense in which epistemic reasons for some belief are related to the value of having that belief.

Present or non-present) aim of forming beliefs about those propositions. It is this fact that explains the special relationship between epistemic reasons, reasons to form beliefs about certain propositions, and ought-statements, 30 asbjørn steglich-petersen explicated in the previous section. This claim obviously stands in need of further clarification. A helpful way of doing so will be to test it against a number of objections. 6 objections Perhaps the most influential objection to standard instrumentalist accounts of epistemic reasons is that it would make epistemic reasons hypothetical in a sense they are clearly not.

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