Descartes's Dreams: Imagination in the Meditations (Studies

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The formative influence on his philosophy was the study of Aristotle under Albertus Magnus, a student of the newly discovered writings of "the Philosopher's" writings. A Christian theory of knowledge uses reason but also admits the possibility of revelation. Excellent collection of Augustine's writings. Why would you do these things--what is the justification for each? Studies in modal notions, such as necessity, possibility or impossibility, have always played an important role in philosophical analysis.
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Anicii Manlii Severini Boetii Philosophiae Consolationis

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Kruk, Bibliotheca Orientalis, 75 (2008): 262-3]. For Hobbes, human nature is essentially anti-social: people are essentially egoistic, and this egoism makes life difficult in the natural state of things. Between Augustine and Aquinas the pivotal character in philosophy was Anselm. NORMAN KRETZMANN, ANTHONY KENNY, and JAN PINBORG, editors. A fundamental cause of this development is, of course, the close correlation in Islam between principle and law, the realm of the temporal and the realm of the spiritual.
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English Mystics of the Middle Ages (Cambridge English Prose

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In addition to these two philosophical questions, and the answers given to them, developments in the field of physics also reinforced a postmodern worldview. Because his central concerns were problems related to human existence, Socrates has sometimes been called the first existential philosopher. These essays contain biographical information, summaries of significant philosophical arguments and viewpoints, and conclude with bibliographies of both primary and secondary sources.
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A history of mediaeval Jewish philosophy

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Averroes’ most important original philosophical work was The Incoherence of Incoherence, in which he defended Aristotelian philosophy. He speaks of "a crisis of humanism" in the West brought on by the inhuman events of our century. Gorgoni, Francesca, « Studying Arabic Philosophy : Meaning, Limits and Challenges of a Modern Discipline, » Bulletin de Philosophie médiévale, 55 (2013) : 308-14. I (Studies in Universal Logic) (Basel: Birkhäuser, 2015 [in fact 2014]), pp. 1-12. ‘Amari, Yassine, Ibn Sînâ and the Issue of Human Freedom (Ibn Sînâ wa-mushkila al-hurrîya al-‘insânîya).
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Lucretius de Rerum Natura Libri VI (Bibliotheca Teubneriana)

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Medieval Philosophy achieved a level of intensity and sophistication rarely rivaled before or since, and many of its issues and theories in metaphysics, epistemology, action theory and ethics are still debated by thinkers today. A. –––. [1980] The Crisis of Church and State 1050–1300. His philosophy inspired skeptical thought in Western philosophy and shifted focus away from a rigid belief system about the nature of the universe and its creator. Agustine (d. 430) to Francis Suarez (d. 1617), this beautifully made book deals with schools and developments as well as individuals, but is restricted to philosophy and does not wander off either to theology or to general intellectual history.
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History of Political Ideas (Volume 3): The Later Middle Ages

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God neither does nor omits to do anything except for some rational and supremely good reason, even though it be hidden from us, as that other sentence from Plato says, "Whatever is generated is generated from some necessary cause, for nothing comes into being except there be some due cause and reason antecedent to it." Despite the popularity of The Republic, Timaeus was better known in the Middle Ages given how the Medieval church was able to correlate some essential elements with its doctrine.
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Duns Scotus: the basic principles of his philosophy

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Associate Professor of Philosophy, Luce Professor in Bioethics and Moral and Political Theory, Director of Bioethics Program, and Director of Undergraduate Studies © 2016 Johns Hopkins University, Zanvyl Krieger School of Arts & Sciences, This mere factuality, he held, can neither be calculated nor deduced, but only experienced; reason therefore means nothing but the power to encounter concrete reality. Er vergleicht erstens Dokumente, Dekrete und historische Zusammenhänge, und das besagt für ihn, daß schon der faktische Zweifel an der Echtheit eben die Schenkung infragestellt.
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Theophrastus: His Psychological, Doxographical, and

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Eastern philosophy is organized by the chronological periods of each region. He has been a ‘rather good’ painter, focusing on minimalist realism, a decent ceramicist, dedicated to surrealist sculpture, and an often joyful electric guitarist. As late as the 1850s it was common to hear Bunsen burners and other laboratory tools called philosophical instruments. Read your paper out loud before turning it in. Meanwhile, Buddhist Idealism takes a pragmatic middle ground between skepticism and Logic's defense of everyday beliefs.
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Niccolo's Smile A Biography of Machiavelli

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Collinge is also the chair of the Adams County Heritage Festival, an annual multicultural festival of the arts. This conception is related to the ideal of a balance among the different sides of a person's being and life which played a major role in many strains of Hellenic and Hellenistic thought. All faithful Catholics, as well as non-Catholic lovers of philosophy, are encouraged to help us with this undertaking. God's knowledge, according to Crescas, extends to particulars; He knows the nonexistent and He knows future contingents without removing their contingent character.
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Thomas Hobbes and the Politics of Natural Philosophy

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Averroes in turn denounced Ghazali's criticisms of Aristotelianism, although he is best known in the West for his commentaries on Aristotle. The word "philosophy" is derived from the ancient Greek (Φιλοσοφία, philosophia) which may be translated as "love of wisdom". This is where most ethical theories are generated. Perseus Project: Ancient Greek & Roman texts, with dictionaires & other tools. This was accomplished through the study of the studia humanitatis, today known as the humanities: grammar, rhetoric, history, poetry and moral...
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