Topicality and Representation: Islam and Muslims in Two by Hammood Khalid Obaid

By Hammood Khalid Obaid

This e-book specializes in the significance of topical examining in figuring out Islamic figures and subject matters, and applies this method of landmark Elizabethan performs: George Peele's conflict of Alcazar and William Percy's Mahomet and his Heaven. the previous is the 1st English play to offer a Moor as a big personality, whereas the latter is the 1st English play to be in keeping with Quranic fabric and have the Prophet of Islam as a huge personality. In either performs, the e-book argues, topical issues performed an incredible position within the formation of Islamic characters and topics, rendering the time period 'representation' hugely controversial. The publication additionally in brief covers different Elizabethan performs that contained Islamic components, reminiscent of Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus and The service provider of Venice, and Marlowe's Tamburlaine and medical professional Faustus. Topical concerns coated within the paintings comprise British-Muslim relatives, the Spanish Armada, Elizabethan patriotism in literature, Catholic-Protestant tensions within the past due sixteenth century, the gynaecocracy debate, and Elizabethan alchemy and magic.

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Islamophobia: Thought Crime of the Totalitarian Future by Robert Spencer

By Robert Spencer

In 1989, the Ayatollah Khomeni, ruler of Islamic Iran issued a fatwa calling on all Muslims world wide to homicide the novelist Salman Rushdie for insulting the Prophet Muhammad and Islam. Rushdie’s crime? Blasphemy or “Islamophobia,” because it has emerge as identified. due to the fact that then we've seen around the world violent Muslim protests over cartoons, blasphemy legislation in Europe, prosecutions of impressive competitors of Islamic terror like Oriana Fallaci and Geert Wilders, and the demonization of brave competitors of Islamic imperialism and terror within the West. David Horowitz and Robert Spencer describe the origins of the observe “Islamophobia” as a coinage of the Muslim Brotherhood and convey how the Brotherhood introduced a crusade, by means of ginning up “Islamophobia” as a hate crime, to stigmatize point out of such concerns as radical Islam’s violence opposed to ladies and homicide of homosexuals, and the consistent incitement of many imams to terrorism. The authors make the case that “Islamophobia” is a dagger geared toward the center of loose speech and in addition on the middle of our nationwide protection.

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The Other Islam: Sufism and the Road to Global Harmony by Stephen Schwartz

By Stephen Schwartz

This eye-opening, insightful exploration of Sufism, the non secular culture that has supported Islam for greater than 1000 years, indicates why it bargains a promising origin for reconciliation among the Western and Muslim worlds.

Many americans this present day determine Islam with maniacal hatred of the West. The different Islam transforms this photograph and opens how one can discovering universal floor in our afflicted instances. Sufism, a mix of the magical and rational trends inside Islam, emerged quickly after the revelation of Muhammad. A reforming stream opposed to the expanding worldliness of Muslim society, it makes a speciality of Islam's non secular size. defined as "Islam of the Heart," Sufism has attracted adherents between either Sunni and Shi'a Muslims, in addition to Jews, Christians, Hindus, and Buddhists.
In The different Islam, Stephen Schwartz lines the origins and historical past of Sufism, elucidates its teachings, and illustrates its hyperlinks to the opposite religions. He reviews on such celebrated Sufi poets and philosophers as Rumi and Al-Ghazali, and narrates their impact at the Kabbalah, at the descendants of the Jewish thinker Maimonides, and on Christian mystics like Saint John of the move and Saint Teresa of Ávila in addition to the yankee transcendentalists.
Furthermore, Schwartz provides a clean survey of Sufism in today's Islamic global, watching for an highbrow renaissance of the religion and choices to fundamentalism and tyranny in Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and Iran.

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Al- Ghazali's Philosophical Theology by Frank Griffel

By Frank Griffel

The Muslim philosopher al-Ghaz=al=i (d. 1111) used to be probably the most influential theologians and philosophers of Islam and has been thought of an expert in either Western and Islamic philosophical traditions. Born in northeastern Iran, he held the main prestigious educational publish in Islamic theology in Baghdad, merely to give up the location and educate at small colleges within the provinces for no funds. His contributions to Islamic scholarship variety from responding to the demanding situations of Aristotelian philosophy to making a brand new form of Islamic mysticism and integrating either those traditions-falsafa and Sufism-into the Sunni mainstream. This e-book bargains a finished research of al-Ghaz=al=i's existence and his realizing of cosmology-how God creates issues and occasions on this planet, how human acts relate to God's energy, and the way the universe is based. Frank Griffel bargains a significant revision of conventional perspectives on al-Ghaz=al=i, displaying that his most crucial success was once the production of a brand new rationalist theology during which he reworked the Aristotelian perspectives of thinkers akin to Avicenna to accord with highbrow currents that have been well-established inside Muslim theological discourse. utilizing the main authoritative resources, together with reviews from al-Ghaz=al=i's scholars, his contemporaries, and his personal letters, Griffel reconstructs each level in a turbulent occupation. The al-Ghaz=al=i that emerges bargains many surprises, rather on his reasons for leaving Baghdad and the character of his "seclusion" afterwards. Griffel demonstrates that al-Ghaz=al=i meant to create a brand new cosmology that moved clear of issues held past via Muslim theologians and Arab philosophers. This new theology aimed to supply a framework for the pursuit of the traditional sciences and a foundation for Islamic technology and philosophy to flourish past the twelfth century. Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology is the main thorough exam so far of this crucial philosopher.

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The Armenians in the Medieval Islamic World: Medieval by Seta B. Dadoyan

By Seta B. Dadoyan

In the 3rd quantity of the trilogy, Seta B. Dadoyan makes a speciality of social and cultural points, instead of the center political concentration exhibited in her first volumes. Her goal is to indicate political readings of those topics and similar texts via revealing hitherto unstudied and novel interactions within the towns of Asia Minor in the course of the Mongol Period.

Dadoyan makes a speciality of the Armenian situation and function within the medieval Islamic international. She argues that if the complete area was once the habitat of lots of the Armenians, their historical past too is a part of those destinations and peoples. Dadoyan attracts the outlines of a brand new philosophy of Armenian background according to hitherto obscured styles of interaction.

The first 3 chapters of this quantity are devoted to the photographs of Prophet Muhammad in Armenian literature. Dadoyan exhibits that direct interactions and borrowings occurred frequently from Islamic sciences, reform tasks, poetry, and humanities. Dadoyan argues that the cosmopolitan city environments have been notably diverse from rural parts and shut interactions took diverse and unforeseen styles. within the final a part of the amount, she provides the 1st and in basic terms polemical-apologetic Armenian texts addressed to Islam on the finish of the fourteenth century. This ebook is vital for all historians and center East students and is the most recent quantity in Transaction’s Armenian experiences series.

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Honeymoon in Tehran: Two Years of Love and Danger in Iran by Azadeh Moaveni

By Azadeh Moaveni

BONUS: This version includes a Honeymoon in Tehran dialogue guide.

Azadeh Moaveni, longtime center East correspondent for Time journal, returns to Iran to hide the increase of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. residing and dealing in Tehran, she unearths a state that brazenly yearns for freedom and phone with the West yet whose fiscal grievances and nationalist spirit locate an outlet in Ahmadinejad’s strident pronouncements. after which the unforeseen occurs: Azadeh falls in love with a tender Iranian guy and comes to a decision to get married and begin a kin in Tehran. by surprise, she reveals herself navigating an altogether various facet of Iranian existence. As girls are arrested for “immodest dress” and the specialists unharness a crusade of intimidation opposed to reporters, Azadeh is compelled to make the difficult choice that her family’s destiny lies outdoors Iran. robust and poignant, Honeymoon in Tehran is the harrowing tale of a tender woman’s tenuous existence in a rustic she idea she may well switch.

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Malik and Medina: Islamic Legal Reasoning in the Formative by Umar F. Abd-Allah

By Umar F. Abd-Allah

This booklet stories the felony reasoning of Mālik ibn Anas (d. 179 H./795 C.E.) within the Muwaṭṭa' and Mudawwana. even supposing targeting Mālik, the publication provides a huge comparative learn of criminal reasoning within the first 3 centuries of Islam. It reexamines the function of thought of opinion (ra'y), dissent, and criminal ḥadīths and demanding situations the paradigm that Muslim jurists finally concurred on a "four-source" (Qurʾān, sunna, consensus, and analogy) conception of legislations. as a substitute, Mālik and Medina emphasizes that the 4 Sunnī faculties of legislation (madhāhib) emerged through the formative interval as distinct, constant, but mostly unstated criminal methodologies and over and over maintained their independence and continuity over the subsequent millennium.

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Muslims in Spain, 1500 to 1614 by L. P. Harvey

By L. P. Harvey

On December 18, 1499, the Muslims in Granada revolted opposed to the Christian urban government's makes an attempt to suppress their rights to stay and worship as fans of Islam. even supposing the Granada insurrection used to be an area phenomenon that was once quickly contained, next frequent uprising supplied the Christian govt with an excuse—or justification, as its leaders observed things—to embark at the systematic removal of the Islamic presence from Spain, in addition to from the Iberian Peninsula as a complete, over the following hundred years. picking out up on the finish of his past vintage examine, Islamic Spain, 1250 to 1500— which defined the brave efforts of the fans of Islam to maintain their secular, in addition to sacred, tradition in past due medieval Spain—L. P. Harvey chronicles right here the struggles of the Moriscos. those compelled converts to Christianity lived clandestinely within the 16th century as Muslims, speaking in aljamiado— Spanish written in Arabic characters. extra generally, Muslims in Spain, 1500 to 1614, tells the tale of an early smooth state suffering to house variety and multiculturalism whereas torn through the fanaticism of the Counter-Reformation on one facet and the specter of Ottoman growth at the different. Harvey recounts how a century of tolerance degenerated right into a vicious cycle of repression and uprising until eventually the ultimate expulsion in 1614 of all Muslims from the Iberian Peninsula. Retold in all its complexity and poignancy, this story of spiritual intolerance, political maneuvering, and ethnic detoxing resonates with many smooth issues. Eagerly awaited by means of Islamist and Hispanist students because Harvey's first quantity seemed in 1990, Muslims in Spain, 1500 to 1614, could be obligatory examining for pupil and expert alike.

“The year’s so much profitable ancient paintings is L. P. Harvey’s Muslims in Spain 1500 to 1614, a sobering account of a few of the ways that a venerable Islamic tradition fell sufferer to Christian bigotry. Harvey by no means urges the topicality of his topic on us, yet this point necessarily sharpens an already compelling book.”—Jonathan Keats, Times Literary complement

(20050613)

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Striving in the Path of God: Jihad and Martyrdom in Islamic by Asma Afsaruddin

By Asma Afsaruddin

In renowned and educational literature, jihad is predominantly assumed to refer solely to armed strive against, and martyrdom within the Islamic context is known to be continually of the army type. this attitude, derived often from felony texts, has resulted in discussions of jihad and martyrdom as options with fastened, common meanings divorced from the socio-political conditions within which they've been deployed during the centuries. Asma Afsaruddin reviews in a extra holistic demeanour the diversity of significations that may be ascribed to the time period jihad from the earliest interval to the current and traditionally contextualizes the competing discourses that constructed over the years. Many assumptions in regards to the army jihad and martyrdom in Islam are thereby challenged and deconstructed. A finished interrogation of assorted resources unearths early and a number of competing definitions of a be aware that during blend with the word fi sabil Allah translates actually to "striving within the course of God."

Contemporary radical Islamists have appropriated this language to exhort their cadres to armed political competition, which they legitimize less than the rubric of jihad. Afsaruddin exhibits that the multivalent connotations of jihad and shahid recovered from the formative interval lead us to question the assertions of these who preserve that belligerent and militant interpretations safeguard the earliest and in simple terms real knowing of those keywords. Retrieval of those a number of views has vital implications for our international this day during which the suggestions of jihad and martyrdom are nonetheless being fiercely debated.

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Islamic Humanism by Lenn E. Goodman

By Lenn E. Goodman

This e-book is an try and clarify how, within the face of accelerating non secular authoritarianism in medieval Islamic civilization, a few Muslim thinkers persisted to pursue basically humanistic, rational, and medical discourses within the quest for wisdom, that means, and values. Drawing on quite a lot of Islamic writings, from love poetry to background to philosophical theology, Goodman exhibits that medieval Islam was once open to individualism, occasional secularism, skepticism, even liberalism.

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