By Leonid Kulikov, Andrej Malchukov, Peter de Swart
The 3 ideas of case, valency and transitivity belong to the main mentioned themes of recent linguistics. at the one hand, they're crucially attached with morphological points of the clause, together with case marking, individual contract and voice. nevertheless, they're with regards to a number of semantic concerns reminiscent of the which means of case, semantico-syntactic verbal sessions, and the semantic correlates of transitivity. the amount unifies papers written inside diversified theoretical frameworks and representing variegated techniques (Optimality idea, executive and Binding, a variety of models of the practical process, Cross-linguistic and Typological analyses), containing either a number of new findings in person languages and beneficial observations and generalizations regarding case, valency and transitivity.
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The 3 techniques of case, valency and transitivity belong to the main mentioned issues of recent linguistics. at the one hand, they're crucially hooked up with morphological features of the clause, together with case marking, individual contract and voice. nevertheless, they're with regards to numerous semantic matters equivalent to the that means of case, semantico-syntactic verbal periods, and the semantic correlates of transitivity.
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Extra info for Case, Valency And Transitivity
All these mechanisms usually work together, so that, most often, all the three factors create favourable (albeit not always sufficient) conditions for the merger of cases. In what follows I will illustrate the above-listed types of development using examples from Indo-European languages, which probably provide the richest evidence for various scenarios of the evolution, decay and collapse of case systems. Since it is impossible to enter into a discussion of the details of the reconstruction of the Proto-Indo-European declination, the reader can be referred to the standard handbooks of Indo-European comparative linguistics, such as Szemerényi (1970: 144ff.
Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Schachtl, S. 1989. “Morphological case and abstract case: Evidence from the German genitive construction”. In Syntactic Phrase Structure Phenomena in Noun Phrases and Sentences, C. Bhatt, E. Löbel and C. Schmidt (eds), 99–111. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Short, D. 1993. “Czech”. In The Slavonic Languages, B. Comrie and G. Corbett (eds), 455–533. London: Routledge. Ja. 1961. Grammatika Čukotskogo Jazyka, Tom 1 [A Grammar of Chukchee, Vol. 1]. Leningrad: Nauka.
P. 2001. “Realisation-based lexicalism [Review of F. Ackerman & G. Webelhuth, A Theory of Predicates]”. Journal of Linguistics 37: 355–65. Comrie, B. 1979. “Degrees of ergativity: Some Chukchee evidence”. In Ergativity: Towards a Theory of Grammatical Relations, F. ), 219–40. London: Academic Press. Dunn, M. 1999. A Grammar of Chukchi. PhD dissertation, Australian National University. Gallmann, P. 1990. Kategoriell Komplexe Wortformen. Das Zusammanwirken von Morphologie und Syntax bei der Flexion von Nomen und Adjektiv.