Captured: The Japanese Internment of American Civilians in by Frances Cogan

By Frances Cogan

More than 5 thousand American civilian males, ladies, and youngsters dwelling within the Philippines in the course of global battle II have been constrained to internment camps following Japan's overdue December 1941 victories in Manila. Captured tells the tale of everyday life in 5 various camps--the crowded housing, mounting familial and foreign tensions, heavy exertions, and more and more critical malnourishment that made the internees' rescue a race with hunger. Frances B. Cogan explores the occasions at the back of this approximately four-year captivity, explaining how and why this little-known internment happened. an intensive old account, the booklet addresses numerous debatable matters concerning the internment, together with eastern intentions towards their prisoners and the U.S. country Department's position in permitting the presence of yankee civilians within the Philippines in the course of wartime.

Supported by means of diaries, memoirs, struggle crimes transcripts, jap squaddies' bills, clinical info, and lots of different resources, Captured offers an in depth and relocating chronicle of the internees' efforts to outlive. Cogan compares residing stipulations in the internment camps with lifestyles in POW camps and with the residing stipulations of eastern infantrymen past due within the warfare. An afterword discusses the reviews of internment survivors after the conflict, combining scientific and criminal information with own anecdotes to create a testomony to the hundreds of thousands of usa citizens whose captivity haunted them lengthy after the struggle ended.

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Additional info for Captured: The Japanese Internment of American Civilians in the Philippines, 1941-1945

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In music and taught music in the Cleveland public schools briefly. A. in violin and composition at Chicago Musical College while putting herself through graduate school partly by scholarship and by working as a strolling violinist in the Chicago Bar and Grille (Nash, 1-3). She came to the Philippines to be married. Her husband, Ralph, worked as an engineer for a company with a large branch office in Manila (Nash, 6; 9). None of the three women had lived a life characterized by servants before coming to the Phillipines, though Magnuson, Sams, and Nash were generally well educated (each had some college or a degree) and reared as members of the middle class.

Confirmation of the generally strong regard throughout the war between American and Philippine citizens comes from an even more unlikely source. Tetsuro Ogawa, a civilian Japanese teacher attached during the war to the Imperial Japanese Army in the Philippines in northern Luzon, points out in his memoirs that, unlike the Burmese and Indonesians, the Filipinos "had been satisfied with American democracy and the civilization which huge American capital had introduced/' He also points out, with some pain, that the Japanese, unlike the Spanish, who brought religion, or the Americans, who brought education, brought nothing and "the newcomer [the Japanese] .

Certainly, the handful of women and children urged to leave earlier were a highly selected group; civilians observing military wives leaving may well have not taken alarm because they were used to them being transferred and moved regularly. The military, after all, had its own logic, its own rules that civilians never understood. Additionally, Douglas MacArthur had regularly written pieces for both prominent publications and radio broadcast that were distinctly upbeat about how small a threat war would be to the Philippines.

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