Cabinets in Eastern Europe by J. Blondel, F. Müller-Rommel

By J. Blondel, F. Müller-Rommel

Cupboards in jap Europe is a finished research which permits the reader to check the origins, constitution, composition and actions of those cupboards and to attract classes from this comparability. each one bankruptcy starts off with a survey of the evolution of cupboards because the fall of communism at first of the Nineteen Nineties. The emphasis is then laid at the position of the cupboard within the structure and at the function of presidents and top ministers within the formation of the lifetime of each one cupboard. At a time while so much japanese eu nations are applicants for club within the ecu Union, this quantity presents a different comparative presentation of ways during which cupboards were evolving in jap Europe because the finish of communism.

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The three parties signed an accord of co-operation with the opposition Latvian Social Democrats, who agreed to support the government and in return received the agriculture portfolio. Prime Minister Vilis Kristopans of Latvian Way headed the new cabinet. The government lasted to June 1999. On 30 June Kristopans announced on radio his resignation because the coalition partners did not support his policies. After two weeks of negotiations a new coalition government was formed, once again headed by Andris Skele; it included three parties, Latvian Way, the Union for Fatherland and Freedom (LNNK) and the People's Party.

That second cabinet resigned after the 1995 general election, which resulted in a very fragmented parliament. Nine parties were represented, and none of these obtained more than 16 per cent of the vote. In particular, Latvian Way, formerly the strongest party, lost considerable support. The newly established Democratic Party Saimnieks (DPS) obtained the largest number of seats (18). It was ideologically left of centre with some populist undertones. The second largest group in parliament was the extreme right wing People's Movement for Latvia (LVP), which gained 16 seats.

Parliament passes laws and resolutions, adopts the budget and decides on the holding of referendums. It also authorises the prime minister to form the cabinet. The head of state is the president, elected by secret ballot in parliament for five years. The power of the president is rather limited. As in other parliamentary democracies the president of Estonia has mainly the ceremonial role of representing the state; yet the president of Estonia has used his position to influence public policy and political processes.

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