By Matthew Jones
An exam of the controversies and disputes produced among Britain and the U.S. by way of their joint involvement within the Mediterranean theatre throughout the moment international warfare. research of the evolution of Allied method towards the Mediterranean is positioned along a attention of the behavior of army campaigns and the command buildings that observed them. The political tensions permeating Anglo-American relatives, and the real function performed right here by means of Harold Macmillan, also are mentioned to supply an entire photo of the issues confronted through the alliance.
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Extra info for Britain, the United States and the Mediterranean War, 1942–44
24 British criticisms were also directed at the unwieldy nature of AFHQ, which had established itself at Algiers in the rooms of the Hotel St Georges folIowing the 'Torch' landings. ' The difficulties of working an integrated HQ were portrayed as immense. Great suspicion was reserved for the role of General Mark Clark, Eisenhower's American deputy, who would often issue orders unilaterally, and was felt to be trying to discredit the British in the eyes of the French to enable himself to gain command of the Tunisian fighting from Anderson.
87 The President was keen to see the conclusions reached in London put to immediate effect, and agreed with Churchill that the landings in French North Africa should be pushed forward with all speed, irrespective of the position in Russia. Thus, on 30 July 1942, Roosevelt ordered that 'Torch' would be the principal US objective for the year, superseding even such programmes as 'Bolero'. The Anglo-American alliance was now committed to stage its first major offensive operations in the West in the Mediterranean theatre.
General Anderson, a rather dour Scot, was held to blame by some US officers for their problems in December 1942, as he had initially coordinated the deployment of American forces arriving at 1st Army's front in northern Tunisia. 3l The Americans desperately wanted to be assigned a portion of the front as their own national sector, where they could organize their units free from British interference. Admiral Cunningham was informing. '33 For his part, Anderson had lost most of his credibility in the British camp by early 1943, Montgomery effectively castigating him as a 'good plain cook'.