By Darrell M. West (auth.)
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Extra resources for Biotechnology Policy across National Boundaries: The Science-Industrial Complex
Small countries in out-of-the-way places are often eager for the investment and economic development that can accompany scientific research and medical treatment. Even though the fiscal payoff of these investments is sometimes disappointing, some countries continue to push for these kinds of development projects. As an illustration, the Caribbean island nation of St. Kitts represents a place that has established itself as friendly to researchers. One of the hot topics for the biotech industry has been implanting stem cells from one species into another as a way to model health consequences.
In addition, women who treat themselves at home are unregulated because their actions are not considered a medical procedure. In a 2005 announcement of plans to rewrite the 1990 legislation, the government’s public health minister Caroline Flint said, “We don’t expect single women and lesbian women to be provided with treatment on the NHS. ”30 Data from 23 European countries in 2001 show that there were a total of 740 assisted reproduction technology clinics, out of which 579 clinics reported that they initiated 289,690 fertility procedures.
They had been unable to conceive for a period of nine years due to blocked fallopian tubes. After being referred to Doctors Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards, the couple consented to a new experimental procedure. Physicians removed an egg from Lesley Brown, combined it with her husband’s sperm, and surgically implanted the fertilized egg in the woman’s uterus. 10 From this pioneering effort arose a multi-billion-dollar industry that made conception possible for many couples around the world. In the United States, there are 400 in vitro fertilization clinics that produce 75,000 births annually.