By Werner Nachtigall, Alfred Wisser
Bionics capability studying from the character for the improvement of know-how. The technological know-how of "bionics" itself is assessed into numerous sections, from fabrics and constructions over tactics and tactics until eventually evolution and optimization. now not these kind of components, or just a couple of, are relatively recognized within the public and in addition in clinical literature. This contains the Lotus-effect, switched over to the contamination-reduction of fassades and the shark-shed-effect, switched over to the resistance-reduction of airplanes. besides the fact that, there are 1000's of hugely attention-grabbing examples that include the transformation of ideas of the character into expertise. From the massive variety of those examples, 250 have been chosen for the current e-book in response to "prehistory", "early-history", "classic" and "modern time". so much examples are new. each instance incorporates a revealed web page in a homogeneous association. The examples from the sphere "modern time" are joint in blocks equivalent to the sub-disciplines of bionics.
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Additional resources for Bionics by Examples: 250 Scenarios from Classical to Modern Times
TECHNOLOGY: A series of teams tried for a long time to use the gecko-effect technically. Meanwhile, one can pull out from plastic-films closely-set long tops that show a certain, but by far not yet practicable adhesion-effect. G. Winkler therefore has followed just another way and used with his climbing system "Gekkomat" suction-disks which allow windows cleaners to climb up at vertical glasssurfaces. LITERATUR: Autumn, K. et al. (2000): Adhesive force of a single gecko foot-hair. Nature 405, 681–685.
2000): Adhesive force of a single gecko foot-hair. Nature 405, 681–685. ; Scherge, M. (2001): Biological micro- and nanotribology. Natureʼs solutions. Springer, Berlin. – Winkler, G. (2000): Gekkomat. de. 48 Classic Mirror-optics of the crayfish-eye and x-ray-telescope A B C The compound eye of the crayfish works with a kind of mirror-optics, with which one can also focus x-rays. BIOLOGY: The single eyes (ommatidia) in the compound eye of the crayfish, Astacus leptodactylus, don't have the 6-angular cornea as it is typical for insects but a quadratic one.
Nachtigall cites his thesis (1959), in which he had examined swimming of water-bugs (A) with respect to morphological, biomechanical and technic-biological aspects. g. "drag coefficient cW" and "efficiency K" (B), concepts borrowed from technology. g. “Biological reports"). As a basis for bionic realization, it became the usual mode today. On the one hand their results quite stand for themselves. Technical Biology, on the other hand, acts towards bionics like a picture to its mirror. LITERATUR: Nachtigall, W.