By Graham M. Simons
The Boeing B-29 Superfortress used to be a four-engined heavy bomber flown basically by way of the USA in global struggle and the Korean conflict. The B-29 remained in provider in numerous roles through the Fifties. The British Royal Air strength flew the B-29 and used the identify Washington for the kind, and the Soviet Union produced an unlicensed replica because the Tupolev Tu-4. The identify «Superfortress» was once derived from that of its famous predecessor, the B-17 Flying castle. The B-29 used to be the progenitor of a sequence of Boeing-built bombers, reconnaissance airplane, running shoes and tankers together with the version, B-50 Superfortress.
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Extra resources for B-29 Superfortress Giant Bomber of World War 2 and Korea
All wing skin joints had to be smooth, all external rivets flush; turbo-superchargers had to be totally enclosed and none of the usual excrescences of aircraft would be allowed: they planned no drains, vents, no external air scoops. All lights, fuel system vents, thermometers and pitot tubes were to be flush, radio loop aerials streamlined; de-icers flush. Failure to meet these requirements defined for Model 341 would mean loss not only in speed but in range. Both speed and range were ‘must have’ requirements of the Army.
Gunners needed a four-month course to become competent, and even with such an advanced armament system many B-29s were shot down. An aircraft’s bomb bay is always located as near the centre of gravity as possible so that flight of the craft will not be unduly disturbed when bombs are dropped.
Beginning with this design—and because high wing loading had always caused opposition in the minds of pilots and designers - engineers set out on the long, hard trail to prove to themselves that a wing flap of sufficiently great size and effectiveness could be attached to highly loaded wings to facilitate take-off and reduce the distance required for landing. After laborious months of design and wind tunnel evaluations, and of building scaled-down models of flaps and subjecting these to actual flight conditions, the Superfortress wing flap design emerged.