Auxiliary Verb Constructions by Gregory D. S. Anderson

By Gregory D. S. Anderson

This can be the main accomplished survey ever released of the auxiliary verb building. Drawing on a database of over 800 languages Dr Anderson examines their morphosyntactic varieties and semantic roles. He investigates and explains the historic alterations resulting in the cross-linguistic variety of inflectional styles, and offers his effects inside of a brand new typological framework. He unearths a lot that's new concerning the language households of the realm and makes a major contribution to the knowledge in their nature and evolution.

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G. Vincent 1982, Harris and Ramat 1987, Harris and Campbell 1995, Drinka 2003, Bentley and Eytho´rsson 2004, Lightfoot 1979). Given limitations of space and the relative frequency of such discussions in previous analyses of auxiliaries, I refer the interested reader to 16 Auxiliaries and AVCs the relevant literature cited here and various other citations therein. In terms of the inXectional typology below, AVCs deriving from this type of formation most typically show the so-called aux-headed inXectional pattern (see below), but may also yield various doubled split or split/doubled patterns.

Tofa b. Tofa kir-e ver-gen men am uru:-nuŒ be`he: ÷nd÷å bol-u ve-:r de:S ÷na:r÷ child-3-gen head: 3 enter-cv asp-pst 1 to become-aux inch-p/f comp there ‘(otherwise) the child’s head would ‘I went into there’ become so’ (ASLEP Field Notes (MK623)) (43) Remo baƒ-o? 2 Negative polarity In a large number of languages, negative is expressed by means of a negative auxiliary element. This, for example, is a family-level characteristic of Uralic (although not attested as a synchronic AVC in every member of the family).

It is a cross-linguistic tendency for simplex NPs to trigger syntactic agreement; however, when the agreement trigger is a coordinative phrase, agreement is often semantically determined (Wechsler 1999: 6). In the case of conjoined NPs, one usually speaks of a resolution rule, ‘a rule which speciWes the form of an agreeing element (or target) when the controller consists of conjoined noun phrases’ (Corbett 1991: 261). g. the well-known ‘Animacy Hierarchy’). Partial agreement is generally seen as a special case of syntactic agreement (see Corbett 1991; Sadock 1998).

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