Authority and Political Culture in Shi’ism by Said Amir Arjomand

By Said Amir Arjomand

The key topic of this booklet is authority in Shi`ism with specified emphasis on its institutionalization in numerous historical sessions from the start of Shi`ism within the center a while to the current. half I offers new fabric on vital or overlooked concerns which are on the middle of present scholarly debate, together with the elemental dating among wisdom and authority in pristine Shi`ism, features of pop culture in medieval Shi`ism, the institutionalization of non secular authority in Shi`ite Iran from the sixteenth to 18th centuries, and the centralization of non secular authority within the nineteenth century. The editor offers an research of the ideological revolution in Shi`ism through the Nineteen Seventies and Nineteen Eighties. vital records and first resources were chosen for half II representing the key developments within the background of Shi`ism. With exceptions, those assets have neither been on hand in English translation nor simply available within the unique Arabic or Persian. an in depth advent by means of the editor successfully connects elements I and II of the e-book.

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Part II, on the other hand, consists of important documents and primary sources I have selected to represent the major trends in the history of Shi'ism. With one exception, these sources have not been available in English translation, or for that matter, easily accessible in the original Arabic or Persian. They are assembled Page 18 here and offered to the scholarly community in the hope of stimulating further research and enquiry in this important field. Notes 1. The notion of authority-or more precisely auctoritas and its complement potestas-comes from Roman law and has no equivalent in Arabic or Persian.

36. 29. See Chapter IV. It is interesting to note that Muhammad Baqir Khatunabadi, the Mujtahid of the Age and the Mulla-bashi,is said to be "The leader Page 20 (ra'is)of all the 'ulama' rather than the leader of the Shi'ite community. See below, p. 87. 30. Sayyid 'Abd al-Husayn Khatun-abadi, Vaqayi' al-Sanin va'l-A'vam (Tehran: Islamiyya 1352/1973-4), p. 482. 31. See below, p. 113. 32. Cited in Modarressi, loc. , p. 155. 33. Arjomand, op. , Chapter 5. 34. , p. 165. 35. " The New York Times,March 19, 1979.

123 on the accessibility of the ruler. 36. See below, pp. 215-16. See also W. al-Qadi, "An Early Fatimid Political Document," Studia Islamica,XLVIII (1978), pp. 71-108. 37. For instance, see below, p. 224, #27. 38. See below, p. 216, #5. 39. See W. C. Chittick's translation in his Shi'ite Anthology (Albany: SUNY Press, 1981), p. 69. 40. See below, p. 252. 41. See below, pp. 274-75. 42. See below, p. 280. 43. Mulla Muhsin Fayd, Kalamat Maknuna (Tehran, 1316/1898-9), p. 195. 44. See below, p. 279.

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