Atlas and Data of Solid-Solution Equilibria of Marine by Prof.Dr. Eberhard Usdowski, Dr. Martin Dietzel (auth.)

By Prof.Dr. Eberhard Usdowski, Dr. Martin Dietzel (auth.)

The current quantity offers an outline of the part equilibria of marine evaporites and the solubilities of the alkaline and earth alkaline chlorides and sulfates which take place in salt deposits. the 1st a part of the ebook explains how section relatives and their projections are derived from solubility info, how multicomponent platforms are interrelated, and the way numerical calculations with admire to precipitation and dissolution of solids are conducted. the second one half describes the quinary seawater approach and its pertinent five quaternary, nine ternary, and six binary subsystems. The interrelation among the structures is illustrated by way of diagrams and tables. The connected computing device software SALSYS permits effortless and quickly entry to solubility info which are required via diverse fields.

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Extra resources for Atlas and Data of Solid-Solution Equilibria of Marine Evaporites

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22) II Derivation of Phase Diagrams from Solubility Data 36 is the concentration with respect to the projection. 25) AX AY / BX ""- / / / / "- BY "- "- / " Y~/----------~--------~--------~B AY+ AX BX+ AX Fe " Fy / "" / BY "" / / / "" / / " AY BX AX Fig. 18 System AX-BX-AY-BYH20 (reciprocal salt pair AX + BY = AY + BX). Projection of phase relationships at saturation with respect to AX as a function of temperature. At point p a saturated solution is stable with solid AX,BX,AY,and BY. The upper and lower horizontal lines of the rectangle correspond to the projections of the squares at T2 and T I IIA Quaternary Systems 37 must be known so that either {A+} or {X-} can be calculated from Eq.

If in Fig. 12 the stabilities ofAXs and BXs are considered the line 6-7-5 must be projected on AX-BX (saturation with respect to CX). Within the divariant fields of the projection either AX + CX or BX + CX are in equilibrium with saturated solutions. Along the monovariant line AX + BX + CX is stable. 8) is the concentration with respect to the projection. 9) Cp or the total concentration, CT, must be known so that {C+} can be calculated from Eqs. 9. Analogous equations may be obtained for saturation with respect to AXs or BXs.

17 System AX-BX-AY-BY-HzO (reciprocal salt pair AX + BY = AY + BX). Projection of isothermal phase relations. The arrows indicate crystallization paths. A mixture of solid AX and BY dissolves incongruently. 2 Concentrations The relative composition of point p in Fig. lS) The total concentration is defined by Eq. 17 shows that point p is located in the triangle AX-BY-AY as well as in the triangle AY-BX-BY. Therefore, the composition of this point may be expressed by either combination of the three salts.

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