Assertion: On the Philosophical Significance of Assertoric by Sanford C. Goldberg

By Sanford C. Goldberg

Sanford C. Goldberg provides a singular account of the speech act of statement. He defends the view that this sort of speech act is answerable to a constitutive norm--the norm of statement. The speculation that statement is answerable to a robustly epistemic norm is uniquely fitted to clarify assertion's philosophical significance--its connections to different philosophically attention-grabbing subject matters. those contain issues in epistemology (testimony and testimonial wisdom; epistemic authority; disagreement), the philosophy of brain (belief; the speculation of psychological content), the philosophy of language (norms of language; the strategy of interpretation; the idea of linguistic content), ethics (the ethics of trust; what we owe to one another as information-seeking creatures), and different concerns which go beyond any subcategory (anonymity; belief; the department of epistemic exertions; Moorean paradoxicality). Goldberg goals to deliver out those connections with out assuming something concerning the detailed content material of assertion's norm, past relating to it as robustly epistemic. within the final component to the e-book, even though, he proposes that we do top to determine the norm's epistemic usual as set in a context-sensitive style. After motivating this suggestion by way of attract Grice's Cooperative precept and spelling it out when it comes to what's collectively believed within the speech context, Goldberg concludes via noting how this type of context-sensitivity may be made to sq. with assertion's philosophical significance.

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What is more, not all assertions made with this intention should be accepted: some are insincere or incompetent. But the very fact that the issue of assertion’s belief-worthiness arises in the first place is an interesting feature of assertion. For we might well wonder: how does the performance of a certain type of speech act result in the salience of the question regarding the belief-worthiness of the (content of the) act? And how is this related to the fact that speakers who assert things have a reasonable expectation to be believed?

Not all of the features we might hope to explain in an account of assertion are directly relevant to its aptness for communicating knowledge. I want to close with one such feature. ) It is this: assertions play a particularly prominent role in the method through which a hearer would go about interpreting a language she did not understand. This generic task was labeled “Radical Interpretation” by Donald Davidson. 9)language without assuming knowledge of either the meanings of the speaker’s words or the beliefs she expressed with them.

Finally, Chapter 11borrows several pages from my paper “Defending Philosophy in the Face of Systematic Disagreement,” originally published in D. ), Disagreement and Skepticism (New York: Routledge: 2012), pp. 1) Part I Introduction The speech act of assertion is introduced with examples. Its main characteristics are then identified. Four accounts of this speech act are then described, and their ability to account for the main characteristics is explored. 2) 1 What Is Assertion? 1 The Nature of My Project This book concerns the speech act of assertion.

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