Arabic Verbs and Essentials of Grammar: A Practical Guide to by Jane Wightwick

By Jane Wightwick

This concise, two-in-one ebook presents an obtainable advent to Arabic grammar and a entire clarification of verbs of their a variety of types.

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Extra info for Arabic Verbs and Essentials of Grammar: A Practical Guide to the Mastery of Arabic

Sample text

77) c. Main ma'-in ca pi'am to caca? ’ (77) d. Main ma'-in ca to' 'ac quem? ’ (77) e. Main ma'-in xi taramaja mao ta'? ’ (77) f. Main ma'-in xi taramaja mama' 'iri'? ’ (5) cain' ‘that neuter distal’ Cain' signals interrogation. g. ’ Either of the INFL morphemes ca ‘neuter realis past present’ or xi ‘irrealis’ may be used, and since the questioned element is nonsubject, Tenseless VICS are used. ’, it frequently employs the use of the verb 'ac ‘to travel’, occurring in postverbal modifier position (78d).

Their distribution is complementary. They occur optionally at the end of the sentence. Two other emphatic particles optionally occur with imperative sentences: wira (spoken by men) and cama (spoken by women). These morphemes simply intensify the action of the verb. They do not usually occur with 'e' and me, but when they do, they follow them at the end of the sentence. The emphatic particle ta also occurs optionally at the end of imperative sentences. It immediately follows 'e'. ) It is also optionally followed by wira or cama.

Ten ta wao'. ’ (57) f. Quep xucucun hwijima' ma'. ’ As we have said, Tense VICS usually accompany the verb in simple sentences. distal)’), and one type of sentence-final emphatic particle (Ca'/ ma'/ne/pane 'ira and ca'/ma'/ne/pane quira) ‘emphatic particles’) requires instead the use of Tenseless VICS (with no INFL morpheme), as shown in the sets of examples in (58) to (63) below: (1) 'A/'ara and mao ‘negative’ Note that the use of the double negative in example (58d) expresses a strong positive.

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