By Martin Kramer
Over the previous decade, the political flooring underneath the center East has shifted. Arab nationalism the political orthodoxy for many of this century has misplaced its grip at the mind's eye and allegiance of a brand new iteration. whilst, Islam as an ideology has unfold around the sector, and "Islamists" bid to catch the guts of politics. so much Western students and specialists as soon as hailed the redemptive energy of Arabism. Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival is a serious overview of the contradictions of Arab nationalism and Islamic fundamentalism, and the misrepresentation of either within the West.
The first a part of the ebook argues that Arab nationalism--the so-called Arab awakening--bore inside it the seeds of its personal failure. Arabism as an concept drew upon overseas assets and assets. at the same time it claimed to free up the Arabs from imperialism it deepened highbrow dependence upon the West's personal romanticism and radicalism. finally, Arab nationalism grew to become a strength of oppression instead of liberation, and a replicate photo of the imperialism it defied. Kramer's essays jointly shape the one chronological telling and the at totally documented postmortem of Arabism. the second one a part of the booklet examines the same failings of Islamism, whose principles are Islamic reworkings of Western ideological radicalism. Its influence has been to provide new existence to previous rationales for oppression, authoritarianism, and sectarian division.
Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival presents an alternate view of a century of center jap historical past. because the area strikes fitfully prior ideology, Kramer's standpoint is extra compelling than at any time within the past-in Western academe at least between many within the heart. This e-book may be of curiosity to sociologists, political scientists, economists, and heart East specialists.
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Extra resources for Arab awakening and Islamic revival : the politics of ideas in the Middle East
If he does not know this or if he does not cherish his Arabism, then we must study the reasons for his position. It may be the result of ignorance—then we must teach him the truth. It may be because he is unaware or deceived—then we must awaken him and reassure him. 17 This ominous passage presaged the drift of Arab nationalism away from the liberal model of a voluntary community. ”18 The idea of the nation as an obedient army immediately appealed to the army itself, especially its officers. It went hand in hand with a growing militarism, and the belief that only the armed forces could rise above the “selfishness” of the sect and clan, enforcing discipline on the nation.
It is to attempt what Emerson wished, as a prelude to comparison: to trace the political trajectory of Arab nationalism plotted by the poets, to walk an idea briskly through its historical phases, and to characterize its relationship to those other ideas and identities that have appealed to “the speakers of the dad,” that sound which is unique to Arabic. It is the story of a nationalism that arose fitfully, spread dramatically, then faltered and failed. It is an account of how millions of people imagined themselves to be Arabs and then, as though in a case of mistaken identity, claimed to have been someone else all along.
23 The new dispensation took two parallel forms that became known as Nasserism and Ba‘thism. Nasserism married revolutionary nationalism to the personality cult of Gamal Abdul Nasser, who enjoyed immense prestige in the Arab world after he pulled a political victory from the combined British, French, and Israeli attack on Suez in 1956. Nasserism combined a program of socialist-like reform with the idea that Egypt under the charismatic Nasser constituted the very heart of the Arab world, and had the resources and will to lead all Arabs to unity.