By Professor (Chair) Randy J Lapolla, Chenglong Huang
This booklet is an entire reference grammar of Qiang, one of many minority languages of southwest China, spoken via approximately 70,000 Qiang and Tibetan humans in Aba Tibetan and Qiang self sufficient Prefecture in northern Sichuan Province. It belongs to the Qiangic department of Tibeto-Burman (one of the 2 significant branches of Sino-Tibetan). The dialect offered within the e-book is the Northern Qiang style spoken in Ronghong Village, Yadu Township, Chibusu District, Mao County. This ebook, the 1st book-length description of the Qiang language in English, is the results of a long time of labor at the language, and is as typologically complete as attainable. It contains not just the reference grammar, but in addition an ethnological review, a number of totally analyzed texts (mostly conventional stories), and an annotated thesaurus. The language is verb ultimate, agglutinative (prefixing and suffixing), and has either head-marking and based marking morphology. The phonology of Qiang is kind of advanced, with 39 consonants at seven issues of articulation, plus advanced consonant clusters, either in preliminary and ultimate place, in addition to vowel concord, vowel size differences, and a collection of retroflexed vowels. The grammar additionally
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Additional info for A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary (Mouton Grammar Library)
7 The fireplace at the center of the house is considered to be the place where the fireplace spirit lives. Before each meal, the Qiang will place some food near the iron potholder for the fireplace spirit. The iron potholder is treated by the Qiang people with great respect, and cannot be moved at random. One cannot rest one's feet on it, or hang food there to grill. Most important is that one cannot spit in front of the potholder. When the Qiang drink barley wine or tea, or eat meals, an elderly person who is present has to perform the ritual of honoring the god of the fireplace, that is by dipping his finger or the drinking straw into the barley wine and splashing the wine into the fireplace.
8) a. t˚ile s˙t®huån mi 1pl Sichuan people Æwe/us Sichuan peopleﬂ b. devil demi s˙-l . . (T6:298-300) (name) DIR-look ÆThe emperor and his wife, the man-eating devil Demi, looked . . g. [upu-≈umt®i] ÆUncle Xumt®iﬂ. Noun phrases can be omitted if they are recoverable from the context. 4). 2, below for something of an exception to this statement). 1. The noun The noun in Qiang may be defined as a free form that can be followed by an (in)definite marker26 and a numeral-classifier phrase or number marking, and is generally not predicative without the use of a copula.
Hk). The glossary is also available as a freestanding Hypercard™ application which includes the original Chinese glosses (and the Qugu lexical data mentioned above), for those who might be able to make use of it. Again, contact Randy LaPolla. Reconstructions given for Proto-Tibeto-Burman forms are from Benedict 1972, except for the numerals, which are from Matisoff 1997. The last section of this chapter is a typological overview of the language. The discussion in the rest of the grammatical description is divided into four main parts: the sound system of the language (Chapter 2), the form of representation of the participants of an action or state and the expression of their relationship to the verb and to each other (Chapter 3), the form of representation of an action or state (Chapter 4), and complex structures (Chapter 5).