By Nora C. England
This is often the 1st full-length reference grammar of Mam, a Mayan language spoken this present day by way of over 400,000 humans within the western highlands of Guatemala and the kingdom of Chiapas, Mexico. the results of over 3 years of intensive fieldwork in Guatemala, A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language relies at the dialect of Mam spoken by means of 12,000 humans in San Ildefonso Ixtahuacan within the division of Huehuetenango, Guatemala. England organizes A Grammar of Mam based on complementary ideas: to investigate Mam following primarily conventional degrees of grammatical description and to give fabric in this sort of approach that the history info precious for figuring out every one subject of debate shall were formerly supplied. as a result, England's research of the sound method and morphophonemic methods of Mam is via an outline of the features of root, inflectional, and derivational morphology. Chapters on word constitution precede chapters on sentence-level syntax. A Grammar of Mam is of specific curiosity in studying a Mayan language that's either syntactically and morphologically ergative and that's cutting edge towards strengthening the ergative procedure. certainly in any respect degrees of linguistic association Mam is cutting edge, and accordingly it truly is uniquely attention-grabbing either traditionally and theoretically.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan language
Leqeqeen -+ Is wit'it'iin 3s -+ 2s lach'ach'aan speaker disagreement as to acceptability of these forms. The combination 3p -+ 3p seems to be impossible for some other reason, perhaps "confusion". This, and the other un Examples: 'walk stooped over' 3s should be subject to the same constraint but there is native Morphologically they are like other 'go running' 'go on all fours' Intransitive verbs of motion also form a subclass. 1). The verbs in this class are: grammatical combinations, can be expressed instead by using xi7 ' go' tzaaj the antipassive and indicating the patient in an oblique uul 'arrive here' poon phrase.
Or (x)b'onk- 'standing or sitting, a fat person' (ch)renky- 'standing or sitting, a person with fat legs' possessor, and non-verbal predicates are inflected for person. chank 'thrown down, a spool or a leafless branch' If we consider that the person inflections on non-verbal pre (ch)jenky 'standing, a fat person' dicates are variants of the absolutive person markers, then (x)lanch I we can summarize the distribution of person markers as follows: (x)lank 'standing or sitting, a person without shoes' Ergative Marker Functions: Absolutive Marker Functions: (x)lenky 'standing, sitting, lying, of a fat person l Agent of Transitive Verb Patient of Transitive Verb slinky 'standing, Sitting, lying, of a naked person' Possessor of Noun Subject of Intransitive xhlunk 'without branches, of a standing tree' Verb (xh)tunk- 'sitting or standing, a one-armed or one Subject of Stative or Exis tential/Locative Predicate 5.
First is L -~ form transitive verbs from positional, affect, and transitiv Vowel harmony is probably only semi-produc Two suffixes show vowel harmony. 6 #74), which forms measure words. roots. The The vowel L They can be loosely classified as "causatives;" som 48 MORPHOPHONEMICS MORPHOPHONEMICS Table 1. Vowel Disharmonic Suffixes Preceding Vowel: (# of examples) i e described by the root, and some form a verb which indicates that the quality described by the root arises through the a o u 1 7 7 15, 17, 18, 19, and 20.