A Grammar of Kalaallisut (West Greenlandic lnuttut) by Jerrold M. Sadock

By Jerrold M. Sadock

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Additional info for A Grammar of Kalaallisut (West Greenlandic lnuttut) (Languages of the World - Materials)

Example text

Since the stem plus the affix have the same syntactic properties as the stem alone, the suffix and stem cannot be individually modified by external modifiers. For example, a syntactically separate modifier such as nutaaq "new" can be intensified by means of the adverbial assut "very": illu assut nutaaq "very new house" but a suffixal modifier such as (-taaq-) "new" cannot: •assut illutaaq (illu-taaq-) "very house-new". 3 A noun stem derived by means of a simple modifier refers to a subset of what is referred to by the underived stem .

In the passive, for example, there is no ergative and the absolutive marks 57 the less agentive participant while an oblique case--the ablative--marks the more agentive participant. Multiple derivation can, in fact, reverse this association. , the person who is doing the helping, while the ergative Amaliap refers to the person who is helped. The verb (ikiuq-) receives two derivational affixes, first an (incompeletely productive) agentive nominalizer, giving ikiorti "helper", and then the transitive verbalizer (-GE-) "to have as".

By Frederik Nielsen. Godhaab: Kalatdlit-nunanaqiterisitsissarfik. Bergsland, Knut. 1955. A Grammatical Outline of the Eskimo Language of West Greenland. mimeo. Oslo. Bergsland, Knut and J0rgen Rischel, eds. 1986. Pioneers ofEskimo Grammar: Hans Egede's and Albert Top's early manuscripts on Greenlandic. Travaux du Cercle Linguistique de Copenhague, Vol. XXI. Copenhagen: Linguistic Circle of Copenhagen. Berthelsen, Chr. 1980. Kalaal/isut sungiusaatit: Lresestykker i grenlandsk. Nuuk: Pilersuiffik.

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