A Comparative Lexical Study of Quranic Arabic by Martin R. Zammit

By Martin R. Zammit

This paintings doesn't goal to be an etymological dictionary of Qur'anic Arabic, nor does it try to recommend a few new genetic class of the Semitic languages. quite, it deals insights into the inner lexical relationships attested in a couple of Semitic types inside Qur'anic Arabic (seventh century AD). The paintings relies on a quantitative research of a considerable corpus of the Arabic lexicon so that it will investigating lexical relationships inside a couple of Semitic languages. Qur'anic Arabic is the resource of a lexical mass comparability workout regarding Akkadian, Ugaritic, Aramaic, Syriac, Hebrew, Phoenician, Epigraphic South Arabian and Ge'ez. in addition, the lexical hyperlinks pointed out during this examine are in themselves linguistic signs of a number of the levels of cultural proximity characterising some of the Semitic languages.

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60 1964. 61 1958. Unlike Swadesh's list which focusses on the basic vocabulary, the FergusonSa'rd list is based on the frequency criterion and on maximum differentiation in the four dialects. It also takes Modern Classical Arabic into account. Of the 278 lexical items, 176 are nouns, 19 adjectives, 43 verbs and 40 particles. 62 1966. 28 CHAPTER ONE Syro-Lebanese dialects ". . 5% of the two hundred items on this list. . ", with a high rate of non-contrastive compatibility, ca. 63 When compared with Classical Arabic, Baghdadi, Gairene, Casablancan and Jiddan, the Syro-Lebanese varieties, as expected, emerge as one homogeneous unit.

03 Thus, the resulting rates of retention obtained on the criteria of Classical Arabic need to be considered with great caution and reserve. D. 36 50 1968: 162. Samples of literary Arabic were used in this exercise. 1968: 164. 1959: 68-70. 53 1970: 27. 54 1959: 267-269. 48%. 55 1960: 256-260. 51 52 56 Swadesh calculates the retention rate of his second list of 100 items at 86%. Regarding the above result, Cerulli 1961: 157 states that the results are, in them- PAST LEXICAL STUDIES 27 Reference has already been made to D.

13 Not much is known about the ancient Arabs' linguistic background. Undoubtedly, some nomadic tribes were Aramaic-speaking. The Kedarite Arabs, amongst others, had been in very close contact with the Aramaean tribes since the 8th c. C. 14 The earliest attestations to what is considered as a language related to Arabic come from inscriptions written in a script derived from South Arabian. These were found in Safa, in south-eastern Syria, and date from the 4th c. C. onwards. C. did not resist the region's Aramaean-Hellenistic culture, and it was this 9 Ephcal 1982: 113.

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